Age Uke: Rising Block
Gedan Uke: Low or down block
Haishu uke: Back of hand block
Jodan Uke: Upper block
Juji uke: Open hand cross block
Kosa uke: A closed fist cross block
Morote uke: Augmented block
Osae Uke: Pressing Block
Sukui uke: Scooping block
Teisho uke: Palm heel block
Tsukami uke: Grasping block
Uke: Block


Age Tsuki: Rising Punch
Choku Tsuki: A straight punch in a neutral stance (such as Uchi Achi Dachi)
Gyaku Tsuki: Reverse Punch
Heiko tsuki: Parallel punch
Ippon ken tsuki: One knuckle punch
Kagi tsuki: Hooked punch
Kizame tsuki: Jab
Mae te tsuki: Front hand punch
Oi Zuki: Lunge punch
Oshi Tsuki: Pushing punch
Ren Tsuki: Continuous Punching
San ren tsuki: Triple punch
Sayu tsuki: Two handed 180 degree punch
Shiko tsuki: Punching in shiko dachi
Tate tsuki: Punch with the fist in a vertical position
Ura tsuki: A short punch with the palm side of fist up
Yumi Tsuki: Bow and Arrow Punch

Stances and Feet

Ashi: Leg or Foot
Ashi Waza: Leg or foot technique
Ayumi Ashi: Stepping
Dachi: Stance
Deashi Barai: Foot Sweep
Hachiji dachi: Figure 8 stance
Hanmi: Half turned facing front
Hanten: Half turned
Heiko dachi: Parallel stance
Heisoku dachi: Parallel stance with the feet touching
Hiraki ashi: Sideway foot movement
Iaigoshi dachi: Single knee kneeling stance
Iki ashi: Live foot as in kneeling position where the foot remains on the ball of the foot
Ippon dachi: One legged stance
Jitsu: Hard; balanced; strong as related to position
Kakato: Heel of foot
Kake ashi dachi: Hooked stance
Kiba dachi: Horse riding stance
Kosa dachi: Crossed stance where only the ball of the front foot touches the floor
Koshi: Ball of foot
Kuzushi: Breaking balance
Kyo: Soft, unbalanced, weak as in position
Moto dachi: Forward natural stance
Musubi dachi: V stance with heels touching
Okutsu Dachi: Deep, forward rotated stance with body facing the side
Rinten: Full Turn
Sanchin dachi: Hour glass stance
Seisan dachi: Forward stance with 50/50 weight distribution
Shiko ashi dachi: Square stance
Shin ashi: Dead feet
Shizen tai: Natural position with feet in outer figure 8 stance
Soto hachiji dachi: Outer figure 8 stance
Susuri ashi (tsugi ashi): half stepping
Tai sabaki: Body shifting/dodging
Tsugi ashi: Half stepping
Uchi hachiji dachi: Inner figure 8 stance
Yuri Ashi: Shifting of the feet
Zenkutsu Dachi: 60/40 forward stance


Ate: To hit or smash
Bo: A 6 foot wooden staff
Bunkai: Analysis
Chakugan: The focus of attention
Choun No Kamae: Ready position where both fists are pulled back to the hips
Enbusen: Performance line of kata
Gyaku: Reverse or opposite of something
Isshin: One mind
Jo Ha Kyu: Slow to fast motion as in punching from a resting position
Keage: Snap
Ki: Life energy
Kime: The focus of energy into one instant. It is the result of the combination of the physical action with the mind and the spirit focused into one moment in time.
Mawari: Turn
Me: Eyes
Metsuke: The place where the eyes are focused
Shiai: Contest
Shime: Muscular contraction
Shin: Heart
Teisho: Palm heel
Tomari: The stillness after a technique
Zanshin: Remaining Mind
Zenpo Kaiten: Forward Roll


Chikama: The distance that is too close for a particular technique
Gohon Kumite: Prearranged five attack sparring
Go No Sen: Retaking the initiative
Hiki: Draw back
Ippon: One point
Ippon kumite: Prearranged one point sparring
Jyu kumite: Free sparring
Kensei: Awareness of opponent
Kumite: Sparring
Maai: Engagement distance
Sen: Before; Previous; Ahead The first to take the initiative
Sen no sen: An initiative taken against an initiative
Tai no sen: Attacking same time as opponent
Toma: The distance that is too far for a particular technique

Targets and Directions

Chudan: Middle
Ge: Low
Gedan: Lower Section
Hara: Lower abdomen
Hidari: Left
Jodan: Upper
Koken: Wrist
Kote: Forearm
Migi: Right
Shomen: Front (as in front of dojo)
Tai: Body
Tanden: A non physical center point about 2 inches below the navel.
Tate: Vertical
Ushiro: Back
Yoko: Side

General Terminology

Dojo: Training Hall
Domo: Thanks
Domo Arigato: Thank You
Domo Arigato Gozaimashita: Thank you very much
Dosa: Training
Dozo: Please
Fukushin: Judge (as an official)
Gi (karategi): Karate Uniform
Hai: Yes
Hari: Proper tension of the body that permits responsiveness
Kamae: Ready position
Kata: Form (Formal exercise)
Kiai: A cry or shout that gives power to a technique
Kihon: Basic, fundamental
Kihon dosa: Basic movements
Kiyotsuke: Attention
Kyu: A suffix meaning level as in Go kyu (5th level)
Mae: Front
Mokuso: Meditate
Nidan: Second Level
Obi: Belt
Octagai Ni: Face each other
Rei: Bow
Sayonara: Goodbye
Seiken: Fist
Seiza: Formal kneeling position
Sempai: Senior student
Sensei: Born before, also means teacher
Shihan: Master Instructor
Shugo: Line up, assemble
Te: Hand
Uchi: Strike
Yame: Stop

Other Techniques

Empi: Elbow
Empi Uchi: Elbow Strike
Gyaku Waza: Counter Technique
Haito uchi: Ridge hand strike
Hiki ashi: Pull back the foot
Hikite: Pulling hand
Hiraken uchi: Flat fist strike where the fingers are bent at the first knuckles and these knuckles are used for striking
Kakuto uchi: Bent wrist strike
Kekomi: Thrust
Koho kaiten: Backward roll
Mawashi empi: Roundhouse elbow
Morote Kentsui: Double hammer fist (as in Bassai)
Nukite: Spear hand
Renzoku Waza: Combination Techniques
Teisho uchi: Palm heel strike
Tettusi uchi: Hammer fist strike with the baby finger side of fist
Tsukuri: Preparation for takedown
Uraken uchi: Back fist strike
Waza: Technique


Fumi Komi: Stamping kick
Geri (keri): Kick
Hittsui (Hiza keri): Knee kick
Keri: Kick
Keri waza: Kicking techniques
Mae ashi keri: Front foot kick
Mae keri: Front kick
Mae tobi keri: Front jumping kick
Mawari ushiro keri: Spinning back kick
Mawashi keri: Roundhouse kick
Mawashi tobi keri: Roundhouse jump kick
Mikazuki keri: Crescent kick
Nidan Keri: Two level kick
Otoshi Keri: Axe Kick
Sokuto keri: Knife foot kick
Tobi keri: Jump kick
Ura mawashi keri: hook kick
Ushiro keri: Back kick
Ushiro tobi keri: Back jump kick
Yoko Keri: Side kick
Yoko Tobi Keri: Side Jump Kick


Ichi: One
Ni: Two (also means ‘in the direction of’)
San: Three
Shi: Four
Go: Five
Roku: Six
Shichi: Seven
Hachi: Eight
Ku: Nine
Ju: Ten
Hyaku: One hundred